Explore KARNATAKA Sakleshpur
Sakleshpur is located in the Western Ghats, a mountain range that stretches from Kerala to Gujarat. The southern range, which includes Bisle reserve forest and the region around Sakleshpur is listed as one of the 18 most diverse spots in the world in terms of flora and fauna. The sub-tropical climate and heavy rains during the wet season create an environment where several unique plant and animal species flourish.
The name shakala is a Sanskrit word means "Bhinnavada" or "Birukada". In the past a shivalinga found in this town which was broken. The linga was called as shakaleshwara which was then became sakaleshwara in the tongue of the local people. A temple is also built at the entrance of the town.
The primary mode of employment in the Sakleshpur region is agriculture. Crops grown include coffee, rice, pepper, cardamom, and tea with coffee being dominant. Sakleshpur coffee is shade grown on the slopes of the Western Ghats as the elevation is not high enough to enable the intensive cultivation practices followed in the Brazilian and Colombian highlands.
Coffee growers are typically small farm owners with plantation sizes ranging from 10 acres (40,000 m2) to a couple of hundred acres. Of late, several corporations such as Tata, IBC Group and the TI group have adopted large scale cultivation. The larger plantations process and market the coffee themselves in the domestic and international markets.
Sakleshpur Taluk accounts for around a third of Indian cardamom production.
The Sakaleswara Temple, after which the place was named, can be found right at the entrance of the town. This small house of worship is an excellent representation of Hoysala architecture, and is a remnant of the Hoysala Empire that ruled this region between the 11th and 14th centuries AD. Another site worth visiting is the Manjarabad Fort, situated a short distance from Sakleshpur. This imposing structure was constructed by Mysore monarch Tipu Sultan in 1752 AD, and is based at an altitude of 3,240 ft.
Also within driving distance, the Bisle Ghat is an extremely picturesque destination. The Bisle Gudda or Sunny Mountain here is a popular picnic spot, while the Bisle Betta or Bisle View Point offers spectacular views of the surrounding mountain ranges. The ghat borders the Bisle Reserve Forest, one of the country's most magnificent rainforests. Its diverse habitat is home to an amazing selection of flora and fauna, making it a must-see for nature lovers.
Sakleshpur is famous for the trekking opportunities it offers. One of the most traversed routes here is the Railway Track Trek, which, as the name suggests, is an unused railway track stretching from Sakleshpur to Kukke Subrahmanya, running along the Western Ghats. Featuring 109 bridges and 25 gushing waterfalls, it is an experience worth exploring.
The Bisle Reserve Forest is also a great place for trekking, as well as for bird watching. The forest authorities have constructed several observation points which provide vantage positions to see the reserve's varied birdlife, or to simply sit back and enjoy the panoramic view.